Abstract Human development and the importance of focusing on women’s participation has become one of the main concerns and issues attracting the attention of many people. In fact, many gender-related models and patterns have been proposed in this regard.
Accordingly, this paper is an attempt to evaluate the effects of development process on women’s participation in Iran using an econometrics method (OLS), and to show the
impact of economic, social and cultural development from 1985 to 2004 on the employment of Iranian women.
The results of this study show that during this period, socio-cultural development had a positive effect on female employment while economic development had a negative impact.